| Water Resources:
Water Science - Hydroloy: [top]
THE WATER CYCLE
Environmental Protection Agency site the featuring the Water Cycle.
USGS PICTURE OF THE HYDROLOGIC CYCLE
The diagram in this website shows the Earth's water cycle (also knows as the
hydrologic cycle). If you want to print this graphic I suggest you view our print version. It is
larger and is rotated 90 degrees, meaning the right edge will not be cut off when you print it.
USGS WATER SCIENCE FOR SCHOOLS
Interactive, fun website covering the science and human uses/impacts of water. Welcome
to the U.S. Geological Survey's (USGS) Water Science for Schools web site! We offer information on
many aspects of water, along with pictures, data, maps, and an interactive center where you can give
opinions and test your water knowledge.
Quarterly publication of current articles on topics of water quality, quantity, floods, wetlands, water law, shorelands and more.
KING COUNTY NATURAL RESOURCES
Play the hidden word game, see how much garbage is produced, and learn what to do
with household chemicals. ... Watersheds. and. Water Quality. Wildlife. and. Habitat ... Household
Hazardous Waste. Updated: September 26, 2002. King County Kids Web ...
Water Quality: [top]
THE OFFICE OF GROUND WATER AND DRINKING WATER (OGWDW)
The Office of Ground Water and Drinking Water (OGWDW), together
with states, tribes, and its many partners, protects public health by ensuring safe drinking water and
protecting ground water. OGWDW, along with EPA's ten regional drinking water programs, oversees
implementation of the Safe Drinking Water Act, which is the national law safeguarding tap water in America.
WATER QUALITY RESEARCH
The Water Quality Association
is a not-for-profit international trade association representing the household, commercial, industrial,
and small community water treatment industry. WQA maintains a close dialogue with other organizations
representing different aspects of the water industry in order to best serve consumers, government officials,
and industry members. WQA is a resource and information source, a voice for the industry, an educator for
professionals, a laboratory for product testing, and a communicator to the public.
NATIONAL WATER QUALITY ASSESSMENT PROGRAM
Since 1991, USGS scientists with the NAWQA program have been collecting and analyzing data and information
in more than 50 major river basins and aquifers across the Nation. The goal is to develop long-term
consistent and comparable information on streams, ground water, and aquatic ecosystems to support sound
management and policy decisions.
ARIZONA DEPARTMENT OF ENVIRONMENTAL QUALITY- WATER QUALITY DIVISION
The WQD has primary responsibilities for ensuring the
safety of drinking water supplied from public water systems and limiting discharges to groundwater and
surface waters of the state through the issuance of permits. The division supports accomplishment of these
tasks through monitoring and assessment of water quality and establishment of surface water and groundwater
quality standards. WQD responds to public health hazards and emergencies, promotes voluntary programs to
protect aquifers for drinking water, and pursues an extensive, watershed-based, stakeholder-oriented effort
to assess and minimize pollutant contributions by activities such as irrigated agriculture, urban runoff,
grazing, and recreation. Contains Assessment and Monitoring, Compliance and Enforcement, Drinking Water,
Management Support Services and Initiatives, Nonpoint Source, and Water Permits.
ARIZONA DEPARTMENT OF WATER RESOURCES
The Arizona Department of Water Resources works to secure long-term dependable water supplies for Arizona's communities.
CITY OF FLAGSTAFF-WATER QUALITY
The City of Flagstaff Utilities Department publishes information about drinking water quality annually.
BUREAU OF RECLAMATION'S NATIVE AMERICAN PROGRAM
Reclamation is committed to increasing opportunities for Indians in developing, managing, and protecting
their water resources. This program is a collaborative, coordinated, integrated function in Reclamation to
help reach these goals.
AQUA VENTURER ONLINE
For kids of all ages, Aqua Venturer tells the story of water, its treatment and use throughout history, and its importance to life
on Earth. Visitors discover what the water environment was like in ancient Rome or on the other side of the
globe centuries later. AquaVenturer highlights the vital role of clean water in the development of civilizations.
Download a Teacher Guide and access a wealth of resources on the water environment.
USGS WATER QUALITY
Water quality is a term used to describe the chemical, physical, and biological characteristics of water,
usually in respect to its suitability for a particular purpose.
Wastewater Treatment: [top]
EPA OFFICE OF WASTEWATER MANAGEMENT
The United States Environmental Protection Agency’s Office of Wastewater Management (OWM) oversees a range of programs contributing to the well-being of the nation’s waters and
watersheds. Through its programs and initiatives, OWM promotes compliance with the requirements of the Federal Water Pollution Control Act.
ENVIRONMENTAL INQUIRY (EI)-WASTEWATER
Environmental Inquiry (EI) is a website and curriculum series developed at Cornell University to help
students conduct environmental science research and participate in communities of fellow student scientists.
Wastewater treatment uses microbes to decompose organic matter in sewage. If too much untreated sewage or
other organic matter is added to a lake or stream, dissolved oxygen levels will drop too low to support
sensitive species of fish and other aquatic life. Wastewater treatment systems are designed to digest much of
the organic matter before the wastewater is released so that this will not occur.
CITY OF FLAGSTAFF WASTEWATER SYSTEM
The City's Wildcat Hill Plant is a 6 million gallon per day advanced wastewater
treatment facility. The process uses screening, primary sedimentation, bio-filtration, secondary sedimentation,
disinfection and filtration. Effluent from the plant is used for irrigation in east Flagstaff or discharged into the Rio de Flag.
OUT OF SIGHT, OUT OF MIND-A WASTEWATER PRIMER
Wastewater primer: Interactive site about wastewater. Some sewer outfalls, the pipes
which carry wastewater into the Sound, discharge millions of gallons of treated water each day. Toxic chemicals
that are not removed in the water treatment process enter the Sound.
WATER QUALITY GUIDE: SEPTIC SYSTEMS
An on-site septic (sewage) system is the most common method of sewage treatment and disposal
for homes that are not on a public sewer line. A septic system consists of a tank and a drainfield where the
wastewater slowly seeps into the soil. Proper septic systems treat the sewage before it reaches ground and
surface waters. Poorly designed or malfunctioning systems cause odor and water pollution.
GO WITH THE FLOW-INTERACTIVE ACTIVITY
Be in the Know ...Go with the Flow is a map that allows the water curious to walk step-by-step
through the wastewater treatment process. The Clean Water Plant has been divided into 15 components
represented by icons. When clicked on, each component's icon comes up with a one paragraph, non-technical
narrative description written for the "average bear." Viewers can follow the path step-by-step, or jump
around to locate a particular area of interest.
USGS WASTEWATER TREATMENT WATER USE
We consider wastewater treatment as a water use because it is so interconnected with the other uses of water.
Much of the water used by homes, industries, and businesses must be treated before it is released back to the environment.
Reclaimed Water: [top]
RECLAIMED WATER IN TUCSON
Tucson Water has one of the largest community reclaimed water systems in
the United States. We deliver reclaimed water to about 600 sites, including: 14 golf courses; 32 parks;
40 schools (the University of Arizona and Pima Community College included); and more than 300 single family
homes. Our reclaimed water production facilities at Roger Road near I-10 have been filtering and disinfecting
treated wastewater for 19 years.
WHAT IS RECLAIMED WATER?
Reclaimed water is the product of an advanced treatment process which cleans wastewater. This treatment process produces water ideal for plant irrigation and other
commercial/ industrial uses. The nitrogen and phosphorous in the water provide excellent fertilizers for ornamental plants and turf grass.
WASHINGTON STATE OF ECOLOGY-WATER RECLAMATION AND REUSE
In 1992 the Washington State Legislature passed the Reclaimed Water Act,
Chapter 90.46 RCW, and directed the Department of Ecology and the Department of Health to develop standards
for reclaimed water use and to jointly administer a reclaimed water program.
CITY OF FLAGSTAFF UTILITIES-RECLAIMED WATER
City of Flagstaff, information on reclaimed water in Flagstaff, AZ,
Website about reclaimed water and snowmaking at Snowbowl
NEPA Snowbowl Proposal Highlights and Background
NEPA The Snowbowl Improvement Proposal and NEPA:
Water Recycling: [top]
Water Recycling Information page
Explore an ecological wastewater recycling system in Chatham County, North Carolina, at ... its kind in North Carolina that not
only purifies water and reclaims...
Water Recycling and Reuse: The Environmental Benefits-Overview
Arizona and Water: [top]
USGS, Contains information on water resources located within Arizona.
University of Arizona’s Water Resources Research
The Arizona Water Resources Research Center (WRRC) was established in 1957 to facilitate university
research at all three Arizona universities on water problems of critical importance to the state and region.
The WRRC administers the Federal 104 grant program authorized by the Water Resources Research Act of 1964.
Related missions are to communicate water-related research needs from research users to researchers and to
report research findings to potential users of that information. The WRRC also works with public and private
organizations and individuals and provides information and services through a publications program, including
two newsletters, conferences and symposia, and through outreach.
EPA webpage that contains information on Arizona Drinking Water
How Clean Is Surface Water in Arizona?
Native Americans and Water: [top]
Native Americans and the Environment-Water Rights and Dams
This website provides numerous links on different articles that pertain to Native American water rights.
Arizona Department of Water Resources-Indian Water Rights
Determining Indian water rights is among the most important water resource issues in Arizona today. The fact that Indian water rights claims are usually
very senior and, in many cases, unquantified demonstrates the importance of the issue. There are currently
two means by which Indian water rights claims are resolved in Arizona: negotiation of water rights settlements
and the adjudication of water rights.
Native and Indigenous Media Sources: [top]
AZ - NAVAJO HOPI OBSERVER:
Find news, sports, and classifieds in this weekly serving this Arizona Native American community.
The newspaper of the Navajo People - Online Edition
INDIAN COUNTRY TODAY:
National newspaper published weekly provides headline news and a look at its origin. Also find a Pow Wow directory and subscription details.
TURTLE ISLAND NEWS :
Weekly purports to be North America's premier native newspaper. Addresses native issues for the Six Nations of the Grand River Territory.
NATIVE AMERICAN TIMES:
Information and news for the Native-American Nations of Oklahoma. With events listings, and editorials.
NATIVE AMERICAN PUBLIC TELECOMMUNICATIONS:
Public radio and television broadcasting network offers links to its affiliates.
Curriculum Resources For Teachers: [top]
From Mud Puddles to Drinking Water
PROJECT WET - WATER EDUCATION FOR TEACHERS
National award-winning, K-12 activity guide on water availability and water quality issues, chemical and
physical properties, aquatic bugs as indicators of stream health, etc. Fosters critical thinking and
problem solving skills. Activities travel through the water cycle, solve the mystery of a waterborne disease,
discover the cumulative aspects of nonpoint pollution, and much more. Interdisciplinary, works with multiple
intelligences and is aligned with state EALRs. WET integrates across science, math, communications, history
and culture, weaving an understanding of our water use and dependence.
HEALTHY WATER, HEALTHY PEOPLE
Healthy Water, Healthy People - an innovative water quality education program sponsored by Project WET
and the Hach Scientific Foundation, offers hands-on activity guides, testing kits, training, and much
more. Healthy Water, Healthy People is for anyone interested in learning and teaching about contemporary
water quality education topics.
A-WAY WITH WASTE
This activity guide presents integrated waste management concepts affecting land, air, and water.
Environmental, economic, and political issues are addressed. The activities are designed to promote
awareness, attitudes, and actions to solve waste management problems at home, in school and in the
community. (Note: download by specific activity to save time.) Additional resources on waste, air, & water.
Collection of K-12 activities focused on Washington's wetlands, what they are, their value, and human affects on them.
Includes wetland plant and animal identification cards, plus field studies. Additional resources on wetlands.
The Padilla Bay Estuary Guides cover estuaries, eelgrass and mudflats. Available for three levels: Level I (K-3),
Level II (4-8), Level III (high school).
WOW! THE WONDERS OF WETLANDS:
An Educator's Guide (1995) : Seventy pages of background information and 40 activities
for grades K-12 on wetlands: identification, plants, animals, soils and issues. $17 from The Watercourse,
201 Culbertson Hall,Montana State University, Bozeman, MT 59717-0057 or call (406) 994-5392.
Mansel Nelson, 928/523-1275, Mansel.Nelson@nau.edu