ATOSPHERE AND FIRE:
The Interaction of Fire and Atmosphere (PDF)
Shows the interaction of fire and the atmosphere. Discusses how a large fire is with the influence of the
atmosphere and how it will affect the fire’s behavior. Also, goes in-depth of how the fire’s action is a huge
issue. This is an article by Wendy Catch.
Breaks down the Northwest Territories Crown Fire Experiment and Infrared Analysis that is during
the months of June and July, the Development of a New Fire Model, and Sensitivity Test on Shear and Slope.
This is an editorial that is about the connection among the forest fire behavior and the wind.
However, the NCAR scientists have allowed a computer model that traces the interaction and prediction of the fire
Very descriptive on the lower and higher atmosphere, includes excellent examples and pictures.
Also, includes the weather, Clouds & Particles, Climate in Cities, Ocean, Food & Climate, and the People changing
Emissions From Fires to the Atmosphere I
From the SP Swedish National Testing and Research Institute explains the sources of the undesirable
imissions of the atmosphere and fire. Information on how pollutants can play a drastic role.
WATER AND FIRE:
Modeling Realistic Water and Fire (PDF)
It is an overview of a computers technique that graphs a realistic model of fire and water.
The main real problem is putting water floods and real life problems with the concept to manage water floods.
Modeling Realistic Water and Fire (HTML)
Models a realistic technique on a computer that graphs a realistic water and fire. It also
shows the importance both are. Contains and explains the abstract, motivation, previous work, how to model,
techniques to model water, techniques to model fire, similarities and differences, the experience, conclusion
and future work, and the acknowledgment.
The "Rebirth" of Water Mist Fire-Fighting
Illustrates the renewal of water and the mist of a fire and technology. This Newsletter also
recognizes the advantages and the disadvantages of the mist technology of water. Describes the significant changes
of water and fire.
V Soils, Water,
Encloses the idea of the effects of fire on soils, water, and the watersheds. Which are tremendously various in the
prediction and the establishments of the local data base that contains information that could help in the future.
SOIL AND FIRE:
Soil Hydrology Under Fire
Surrounds the information of the types of function that fire can have on a soil, this process
is also in-depth description. Also, investigates on how the soil moisture can influences fire severity and
explains the conversely. Paper written by Megan Anderson in October 21, 1996.
Fire Effects: Ecology and Management of Forest Soils (Powerpoint)
An interesting power point filled with examples, information, pictures, and graphs. Very
elaborate details on soils around the world and the effects on fire with those different soils. Power point
is very well-expressed and easy to understand.
Geology of Soils
A document that explains that once a fire goes over a soil the soil is then affected.
This can be affected for years. Also discusses the plant communities that rely on very good soil to survive.
Explains why fires are important and a healthy process within the ecosystem.
What Does Fire Do to Your Soil?
Explains and answers the question “What Does Fire Do to Your Soil?”. Describes what factors
are critical for a soil and the impacts a fire can create.
Environmental Measures: Soils
Illustrates the importance of a soil. Clarifies the measure within a soil, carbon cycle,
nitrogen cycle, Related Measure of declines in soil quality, plus fire and soils, in addition the soil properties
such as soil horizons, physical properties, Biological properties, as well as organic matter.
This website is about the Ecological changes with fire and water. Also gives examples with
the changes in species composition and forest structure. Graph is shown that is from the National Forest Burned
and Trend for the western states, 1945-1997.
PONDEROSA PINE FOREST
Restoring Ecosystem Health in Ponderosa Pine Forests of the Southwest (page 1 of 2)
Researching the Ponderosa Pine Forest in the southwest and distinguishing the problems over the
thousands of years, which are conducting studies before and after Euro-America settlement and the effects that it
also brought. Fire brought a different view and played a role in the Ponderosa Pine problems. Also illustrate the
damaging traits of the postsettlements of the Ponderosa Pine Forest Ecosystem. In addition it explains the
presettlement of the Ponderosa Pines in a certain area per acre.
Restoring Ecosystem Health in Ponderosa Pine Forests of the Southwest (Page 2 of 2)
The second half of “Restoring Ecosystem Health in Ponderosa Pine Forest of the Southwest” research
and website. This part goes more in-depth with how fire helps the Ponderosa Ecosystem. The study area is located in
the Fort Valley Experimental forest northwest of Flagstaff, Arizona. Clarifies the restoration treatments and the
outlook on the ponderosa pine forest, therefore fire is important to the ecosystem.
Ponderosa Pine Fire Ecology
Goes into the deepness of the ponderosa pine forests of the Colorado Plateau which has develop over
the years. Studies showed that the trees have adapted to the climate and the habitat. Gives an explanation why the
1900’s the pattern of fire drastically changed. With the Ponderosa Pine there is thickets are replace by grasses due
to the fire that make better, however; the United States forest service also sees this as a concern.
Fire & Ecosystem Health
Give details that fire is a necessity of the most western forest ecosystem. Fire balances
the ponderosa pine and other dry forests to maintain a healthy and clean environment. This website put in plain words
that fire helps allows forests and the ponderosa pine to be a success.
Modeling Ecological Restoration (PDF File)
This is a very detail and descriptive document about the ecological restoration experiment specifically
consisting of fire within a ponderosa pine forest. In this document it discusses the model performance and recent
ecological changes and comparing ecological restoration treatments. The years are also provided of the changes,
differences, and comparing. Also, shown are the effects of restoration treatments, results model verification, and
Forest Insect and Disease Conditions in the Southwestern Region
Fire is an excellent alternative to help get rid of insects and disease within the ponderosa pine
forest and other trees. This happens to be a prescribed fire that will assist to having a healthy forest. The article
converses about the research that has been conducted since 1992 in New Mexico and Arizona.
on Wildfire Hazard Reduction in Ponderosa Pine Ecosystems at Grand
Canyon National Park
Grand Canyon National Park’s research on wildfire hazard reduction in the ponderosa pine
ecosystem at the Grand Canyon National Park.
PINYON - JUNIPER FOREST
Forest and Woodland Restoration in the Southwest
The alteration of the pinyon-juniper forest and other forest have resulted to the livestock grazing,
fire suppression, lodging, and other Euro-American land uses in the Southwest. Article discusses the increases in range
and density of the pinon-juniper forest. Also discusses the high erosion rates and the current ecological patterns of
the pinon-juniper forest environment.
The Role of Fire in Juniper and Pinyon Woodlands: A Descriptive Analysis (PDF)
With this publication it gives a layout of the juniper- pinyon ecosystem, along with fire, the history
of fire, and fire storms woodlands. There is also important information that is provided about the juniper-pinyon ecosystem.
Is a 16 page detail text that contains very good information.
Website offers ranges/acres of the pinyon-juniper all over the United States. Eventually, will also
discuss the climate, vegetation, and management that contains fire of the pinyon-juniper ecosystem. Also, have pinyon-juniper
Species: Juniperus monosperma
Examples of fire and pinyon-juniper are well informative. Has quite a few research going on
with pinyon-juniper ecosystem, however; right in the middle is the fire ecology and graph that is within the
Otis Mountain Ecosystem Restoreation Project Environmental Assessment
Summary that identified the prescribed burning and the changes in time with both the juniper
and pinyon-juniper woodlands in the west and different ranges.
Demo Area Burn
The ecosystem reaction to the watershed-scale burns located in the great basin of the pinyon
and juniper woodlands. The website also implements prescribed burning programs.
Would Ecological Landscape Restoration Make the Bandelier Wilderness More or Less of a Wilderness?
Clarifies a prescribed fire and a wildlife reintroduction within the pinyon and juniper ecosystem.